## Introduction to Interior Angles: What Are They?

Interior angles are those angles found between two sides of a polygon when two adjacent lines or line segments within the polygon form one large angle. The sum of all interior angles within a polygon adds up to 360 degrees for a triangle and 540 for a pentagon.

In general, interior angles are used in geometry problems to figure out the number of sides a particular shape may have or its measure in terms of length. It is typical for any closed figure with straight line segments as its sides to contain at least one set of internal angles. When you add the exterior angle (the single angle outside) together with the interior ones, it always adds up to 360° – they are complementary to each other since they “complete” our full rotation around the shape back to the starting point.

Using interior angles can help us determine properties of shapes such as size and structure, allowing us to explore geometry in much greater depth and detail than ever before. For example, if we know that an interior angle measures 150° then we can calculate that this shape has three sides since 150 x 3 = 450 which is equal to 360° (we also know it is not a triangle because an internal angle cannot be larger than 180°). Since these principles are essential for math and physics related studies, understanding what an interior angle is and how it should be measured can benefit any student at some point in their study curriculum.

## How to Calculate the Measure of a Single Angle

Calculating the measure of a single angle is an important skill to have when working in geometry and trigonometry. To calculate the measure of a single angle, you will need to first identify the type of triangle it is contained within, then use the appropriate formula to find its measure.

To begin, identify if the angle is contained within one of three types of triangles: an acute triangle, an obtuse triangle, or a right triangle. An acute triangle has all three angles that are less than 90 degrees; an obtuse triangle has one angle greater than 90 degrees; and a right triangle has one angle that equals exactly 90 degrees. This step is very important as using the wrong formula could provide inaccurate results.

Once you know what type of triangle your angle occupies, use the following formulas to find its measure:

Acute Triangle – Add all 3 angles together (A+ B+ C) and subtract this total from 180°. The answer you receive will be your desired angle (X).

e.g A +B +C = 180° – X

Obtuse Triangle – If two angles are known you can add their totals together (A+B) subtract from 180° and subtract this total from 360° providing your desired angle (X).

e.g A +B =180 – 360 = X

Right Triangle – When dealing with a right angled-triangle measuring an angle is easy since all other angles must equal 90° so simply take away 450 which will give you your X.

e.g A +B =90 – 450 = X

Using either method should enable you to easily calculate the measures for any single angle when given other relevant information about its containing triangle!

## Steps for Finding the Measure of Each Interior Angle

Finding the measure of each interior angle of a regular polygon (a 2D shape with sides of equal length and angles of equal measure) is quite simple once you understand the equation involved. The equation to calculate the measure of each interior angle in a regular polygon is:

Angle = (n-2)(180/n)

Where n represents the number of sides in your shape. Below are a few steps for finding the measure of each interior angle by using this equation:

Step 1: Count and record the number of sides your shape has, referring to it as ‘n’. For example, if your shape is a pentagon, ‘n’ would be 5.

Step 2: Multiply ‘n’ by 180. For example, if your shape is still a pentagon, you would multiply 5 x 180 = 900.

Step 3: Subtract two from ‘n’ and then divide it into the answer from Step 2. You should now have an answer that looks like this: (n-2)(180/n). Using our original example with an n value of 5, this would look like (5-2)(180/5). Solving this gives us an answer of 108 degrees – which is indeed the measure for each interior angle in a pentagon!

This same process can be repeated for any regular polygon – follow these steps to find out how many degrees are in each internal angle for equilateral triangles, squares and octagons too!

## FAQs About Finding the Measure of Each Interior Angle

What is the measure of an interior angle?

The measure of an interior angle is the sum of the measures of its complementary exterior angles. To find this, you’ll have to know either the number of sides in the polygon or the degree measure of one exterior angle.

How do I find the measure of an interior angle if I don’t know any other angle measurements?

If you don’t know any other angle measurements, you will need to count each side in order to calculate all angles within that polygon. The formula for calculating an interior angle in a regular polygon is (n − 2)180/n , where n represents the number of sides. For example, in a pentagon there are five sides, so me would use (5-2)180/5 = 108° as our formula for finding each internal angles’ degree measure.

How can I find out how many sides a shape has when I’m given just the interior angles?

If you are only given the interior angles and not any other information about a shape then it can be difficult to determine exactly how many sides it has – since each individual set will form different kinds of polygons. Generally speaking though, if you have three consecutive angles measuring 60° degrees each then you likely have a triangle; four consecutive angles measuring 90° means you most likely have a square; five consecutive angles measuring 72° likely mean you have a pentagon; six consectutive angles measuring 120° likely mean that your shape is actually hexagonal and so forth. It’s important to note though that not all shapes follow this pattern – some triangles may not add up to 180 degrees while some 3 sided figures may be arranged with unevenly sized intervals between their individual corners. If this happens then it may indicate that each corner forms its own unique shape and isn’t apart from one another – therefore making it impossible to determine directly how many sides are present just by looking at its internal measurements alone.

## Top 5 Facts About Interior Angles

1. Interior angles are the angles inside a polygon that meet at one vertex.

2. An interior angle is usually equal in measure to its corresponding exterior angle. For example, if an exterior angle measures 30º, then the interior opposite to it will be also 30º, creating a straight line with 60º between them.

3.If all sides of a polygon have equal length, then all of its interior angles are also equal in measure. This makes regular polygons particularly easy to identify due to their even shape and angles.

4.In any triangle (a three-sided polygon), the sum of the three angles must always add up to 180° degrees; therefore, each triangle has three different types of angles: one acute angle (less than 90° degrees), one obtuse angle (more than 90° degrees) and one right angle (exactly 90° degrees). The other two internal angles in a triangle both measure less than 90° as acute angles so their sum equals 180° degrees total for the entire triangle’s interior angles’ measures..

5. In more complex shapes with more than four sides like pentagons, hexagons and nonagons -all of which have five, six or nine sides respectively- figuring out exactly what type of angles those making up its interior contain requires solving equations based on facts such as number of sides and total sum of measurements.. From here we can then determine which type(s) of shapes make up each individual interior angle like scalene versus isosceles triangles depending on the situation at hand!

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